Chris Barkley Zhan
No. 29, No. 2004, Lecong Street is fivemile Vegas-
Gorgeous exhibition halls and exhibition centers, factories and cave-like warehouses, leather suppliers and timber factories are all committed to the manufacture and sale of furniture.
Until ten years ago, the town in southern China\'s Guangdong province was mostly rice fields and sugar cane fields.
Now, as the \"capital of furniture of the world\", Lecong is the sales center of the booming furniture industry in the province, with 3,500 furniture stores and wholesalers, represents many of the approximately 6,000 furniture factories in the surrounding Pearl River Delta region.
A large part of the growth comes from exports.
In the past eight years, China\'s total furniture exports have grown by about 30% a year to $7.
Exports last year were 3 billion, more than half of them from Guangdong.
But the boom in changing music now attracts the Chinese.
This is the largest anti-dumping case filed by American manufacturers against the Chinese industry.
Advertising in January
9. The US International Trade Commission authorized a comprehensive investigation into complaints from US furniture manufacturer
s, saying that Chinese competitors sold wooden classic bedroom furniture
in the United States at a price lower than their fair market cost, thus endangering American industry.
If the investigation finds that it is not good for them, the Chinese
US-based manufacturers will face $1 billion in punitive high tariffs on US trade.
The case is the latest sign of growing discontent among Americans over the influx of Chinese tourists.
Evaporation of manufacturers and domestic manufacturing jobs-
The issue was particularly influential during the presidential election year.
Trade experts say trade disputes and other disputes over shrimp, chemicals, paper towels and semiconductors imported from China this year could be a lightning bolt for public insecurity and industry lobbying.
China\'s wooden furniture trade embodies many of the complexities of China\'s growth as a platform for assembly of many American goods.
First of all, the majority of the owners of the disputed factories are from Taiwan, with a smaller number of Hong Kong and the mainland themselves.
Like many multinational companies, they have moved production to Shenzhen and Dongguan over the past decade, which is close to Le Cong, where there are a large number of low-yield Industrial zones
Wage workers from rural China have worked in many factories for a long time.
According to Taipei President Chen u, as many as 90% of the 135 companies initially surveyed have Taiwanese owners
Headquartered in the Taiwan Furniture Manufacturers Association and the owner of the global factory in Dongguan Homedeco.
\"We are here because the business is good. We sell it to the United States because the business is good,\" he said . \".
\"We don\'t eat our own because we don\'t make money.
\"Low labor costs, coupled with improved skills and design, are at the heart of the Chinese --
Based on export growth of manufacturersChen said.
However, advertising that American manufacturers are pressing for restrictions on exports says there is another reason for their plight.
\"This is not a labor force advantage,\" said Doug Bassett, spokesman for the legal and trade commission of American furniture manufacturers, the lobby group filed an anti-dumping application with the International Trade Commission.
\"These illegal subsidies have played a role.
He said that competitors have unfairly benefited from China\'s currency controls, which prevent the yuan from appreciating against the dollar to reflect China\'s trade surplus, and illegal government subsidies and soft loans prohibited by the World Trade Organization and U. S. rules.
Over the past five years, China\'s imports of wooden furniture have been \"developed \".
S. Manufacturers have lost sales and profits, Bassett said. The Vaughan-
Bassett Furniture Company of Va Galax.
A long family
In 2002, his company closed a bedroom furniture factory and cut 250 jobs.
According to the Labor Department, since 2001, the United States has lost 34,000 jobs in the manufacture of wooden furniture, about the third in the previous total.
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To stop the influx, his team
The Brazilian government has demanded tariffs of up to 440% on Chinese classic bedroom furniture
He added that this is the product with the biggest impact on furniture products from the recent surge in Chinese imports.
Other furniture, such as tables, which are less complicated, has been imported for many years.
\"This is a question of survival \".
Brazil said in a recent telephone interview.
\"According to the growth rate of bedroom shipments, the United StatesS.
Production is shrinking and there will be very few manufacturing in five years.
\"In Lecong, furniture manufacturers and merchants seem to be confused by the notion that their free trade, the vast majority of which are privately owned enterprises, is either subsidized by the state or special
Zhou Jie, manager of Sunlink furniture, a sales and distribution company, said that China has cheap, disciplined workers and is a natural home for the labor force --
Intensive work like wood carving and polishing.
He said his company represented several exporters of wooden furniture and pointed out the complexity of their finished products.
Advertising is much cheaper than Americans.
As he patted the carved oak table, he said, \"although it is a handmade table, the price is reasonable . \"\'\'In the U. S.
You have to pay a blue one.
For example, this kind of work costs at least $2,000 a month, but here you can get the same pay for $100.
\"Just like most of the owners of Chinese wooden furniture factories are not from mainland China, neither are the raw materials.
In fact, manufacturers and wood importers say the controversial furniture is usually made of wood shipped from the United States.
According to USDA statistics, U. S. hard wood sales in China have grown six times over the past five years, reaching $84 million in 2002. About two-
Three of them are used to make furniture, most of which are re-made
According to Matthew Brady of Beijing, exports back to the United States
Representative of the American wood industry. Mr.
The factory owner from Taiwan said: \"We imported almost all the wood from the United States, because this is what customers there want.
So if they take our trade, they will also take America\'s own exports.
Production will not return there.
\"Wooden furniture is only a small part of China\'s $140 billion import into the United States.
But that is part of the overall growth in Chinese imports, which has spurred American industrial groups and trade unions and has plagued politicians.
\"If China continues to obstruct this, it will be dangerous for them and they will be in trouble --
A fire in the presidential campaign.
James Sen Brenner, Jr.
Republicans in Wisconsin recently spoke in Beijing.
He quoted a recent article in The Milwaukee Magazine Sentinel saying
Transfer production to a generation furniture factory in Shenzhen.
Unless China\'s huge trade deficit with the United States \"can be addressed in the eyes of voters, it will be one of the three or four biggest problems in the campaign,\" he said . \".
Four senators and 27 delegates called on the Commerce Department and President Bush to support the case of American furniture manufacturers, a warning that was echoed by both parties.
The dispute highlights the rift between troubled American manufacturers and imported companies --
Rely on retailers.
A coalition of 60 US furniture retailers, including Mumbai, crates and barrels, warned that their sales would be hurt by protective tariffs on cheap Chinese imports.
US importers and Chinese exporters are now facing a possible year-long investigation by the International Trade Commission and the Commerce Department that could block new orders.
Although if special tariffs are imposed, it may prevent the flow of products such as wooden beds, dressers from China, in the end they may not reduce the pressure on US manufacturers.
Officials at the company predict that production will move to another country with cheap labor.
If we can\'t work in China, we will go somewhere else. -
Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia-
But the same furniture will eventually appear in the United States.
Chen, a Taiwanese furniture manufacturer.
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A version of this article appeared on the national version of W00001 page in January 29, 2004, titled: The furniture boom in China is spreading in the United StatesS.
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