is composed of four factors: material, structure, appearance, form and function. Among them, function is the forerunner and the driving force for the development of furniture; structure is the backbone and the basis for realizing functions. These four factors are interrelated and restrict each other. Because furniture is designed and made to meet people's certain material needs and use purposes, furniture also has factors in terms of function and appearance. The following describes the main content of these four elements and the relationship between them. Material Furniture is manufactured from various materials through a series of technical processing. Materials are the material basis of furniture. Therefore, in addition to the basic requirements of function, beauty and craftsmanship, furniture design is also closely related to materials. To this end, designers must do the following: (1) be familiar with the types, performance, specifications and sources of raw materials; (2) design excellent products based on existing materials and make the best use of them; ( 3) Be good at using various new materials to improve the quality of products and increase the aesthetics of products. In addition to commonly used wood, metal, and plastic, there are also rattan, bamboo, glass, rubber, fabric, decorative board, leather, sponge, FRP, etc. However, not all materials can be used in furniture production, and the application of furniture materials also has a certain degree of selectivity. The following factors should be mainly considered. (1) Processing technology. The processing technology of materials directly affects the production of furniture. For wood materials, the shrinkage, anisotropic fission, and porosity caused by the influence of moisture must be considered during the processing. Plastic materials should take into account their ductility, thermoplastic deformation, etc. The thermal brittleness and hardness of glass materials should be considered. (2) Texture and appearance quality. The texture and texture of the material determine the special feeling of the product's appearance quality. Wood is a natural material with natural texture, beautiful appearance, lifelike image, good hand feeling, and easy to process and color. It is the best material for furniture production. Plastic and its synthetic materials have the characteristics of simulating the texture of various natural materials and have good coloring properties, but they are prone to aging and are susceptible to heat deformation. The service life and scope of use of this furniture are limited. (3) Economy. The economics of furniture materials include the price of materials, the processing labor consumption of materials, the utilization rate of materials and the abundance of material sources. Although wood has the advantages of natural texture, but with the increase in demand, the amount of wood accumulation continues to decrease, and resources are increasingly scarce. The economical and beautiful materials similar to wood will be widely used in the production of furniture. (4) Intensity. In terms of strength, it is necessary to consider its grip strength, anti-splitting performance and elastic modulus. 'Structure' 'Structure' refers to a certain combination and connection between materials and components used in furniture. It is a structural system composed of certain functions. It includes the internal structure and external structure of furniture. The internal structure refers to a certain combination of furniture parts, which depends on the change of materials and the development of science and technology. For example, metal furniture, plastic furniture, rattan furniture, wood furniture, etc. have their own structural characteristics. In addition, the external structure of the furniture is in direct contact with the user. It is a direct reflection of the appearance. Therefore, the scale, proportion and shape must be adapted to the user. This is the so-called ergonomics, such as the seat surface Chairs with proper height, depth, and back inclination can relieve people's fatigue; while storage furniture should be compatible with the scale of the stored items on the premise that it is convenient for the user to access the items. The external structure designed according to this requirement also lays the foundation for the aesthetic requirements of furniture. Function Any piece of office furniture is designed and manufactured for a certain functional purpose. Therefore, function constitutes the central link of furniture, is the forerunner and the driving force for the development of furniture. When designing furniture, we should first analyze the design objects from a functional point of view to determine the material structure and appearance form. Generally speaking, the functions of furniture products can be divided into four aspects, namely, technical function, economic function, use function and aesthetic function.
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